facilitated a marriage between the elderly man and a woman with whom Gatchell had a long-term relationship in order to gain access to the elderly man's money and property. Gatchell induced the elderly man to make a down payment on a Jaguar that Gatchell and a family member drove for about 10 months before it was repossessed by the lender when the loan went into default.Gatchell also induced the elderly man to obtain two mortgage loans and then diverted most of the proceeds to the benefit of himself and others. He subsequently induced the elderly man to sell the property that secured the loans and again diverted most of the proceeds to himself and others. Gatchell used these monies that he fraudulently diverted to himself to purchase concert series tickets, pay delinquent bills, and make a security deposit for a house he leased, among other things.
From March 2015 through December 2018, LEYVA and HAQUE were members of a criminal fraud ring (the "Fraud Ring") based in the United States and India that committed a technical support fraud scheme targeting elderly victims located across the United States and Canada, including in the Southern District of New York. The Fraud Ring's primary objective was to trick victims into believing that their computers were infected with malware, in order to deceive them into paying hundreds or thousands of dollars for phony computer repair services. Over the course of the conspiracy, the Fraud Ring generated more than $10 million in proceeds from at least 7,500 victims.The scheme generally worked as follows. First, the Fraud Ring caused pop-up windows to appear on victims' computers. The pop-up windows claimed, falsely, that a virus had infected the victim's computer. The pop-up window directed the victim to call a particular telephone number to obtain technical support. In at least some instances, the pop-up window threatened victims that, if they restarted or shut down their computer, it could "cause serious damage to the system," including "complete data loss." In an attempt to give the false appearance of legitimacy, in some instances the pop-up window included, without authorization, the corporate logo of a well-known, legitimate technology company. In fact, no virus had infected victims' computers, and the technical support phone numbers were not associated with the legitimate technology company. Rather, these representations were false and were designed to trick victims into paying the Fraud Ring to "fix" a problem that did not exist. In exchange for victims' payment of several hundred or thousand dollars (depending on the precise "service" victims purchased), the purported technician remotely accessed the victim's computer and ran an anti-virus tool, which is free and available on the Internet. The Fraud Ring also re-victimized various victims again.LEYVA's roles in the scheme included (1) creating several fraudulent corporate entities that were used to receive fraud proceeds from victims, (2) recruiting others (including through misrepresentations) to register fraudulent corporate entities that became part of and facilitated the activities of the Fraud Ring, and (3) assisting others in setting up fraudulent corporate entities and bank accounts, including coaching them to make misrepresentations to bank employees where necessary. HAQUE registered a fraudulent corporate entity that was used to receive fraud proceeds from victims on behalf of the Fraud Ring. HAQUE also provided guidance to a co-conspirator who registered a different fraudulent corporate entity that was part of the Fraud Ring, and deposited fraud proceeds into accounts associated with that entity.
ICOBox raised funds in 2017 to develop a platform for initial coin offerings by selling, in an unregistered offering, roughly $14.6 million of "ICOS" tokens to over 2,000 investors. The complaint alleges that defendants claimed the tokens would increase in value upon trading and that ICOS token holders would be able to swap them at a discount for other tokens promoted on the ICOBox platform. According to the complaint, the ICOS tokens are virtually worthless. The complaint further alleges that ICOBox failed to register as a broker but acted as one by facilitating initial coin offerings that raised more than $650 million for dozens of clients.
[B]eginning in March 2016, Mediatrix Capital Inc. and its three principals, Michael S. Young, Michael S. Stewart, and Bryant E. Sewall, induced investors to invest by falsely representing that their money would be invested using a highly profitable algorithmic trading strategy that had never experienced an unprofitable month and had returned more than 1,600% since inception. In truth, the complaint alleges, the defendants' trading strategy consistently lost money-losing more than $18 million from its trading in 2018 alone. In addition to repeatedly misrepresenting the profitability of the trading, the complaint alleges defendants also misled investors by falsifying account statements and making Ponzi-like payments, all while misappropriating more than $35 million of investor money for defendants' personal use, including to purchase luxury properties and vehicles.
[B]etween October 2017 and through May 2018, Rind utilized fraudulent EXIM Bank documents as part of an "advance fee" scheme. As part of this scheme, Rind would obtain legitimate EXIM Bank documents through his company, B&T Trust, LLC. Rind would then alter these documents to make it appear that he had obtained EXIM Bank financing for various public interest construction projects in Africa. This included fake loans totaling hundreds of millions of dollars that, according to Rind, provided financing for a school in Botswana, a low-income housing project in Zimbabwe, a Solar Power plant, and a medical clinic in Zambia. Using the lure of lucrative and socially impactful investments, along with the assurance of guaranteed EXIM Bank financing, Rind tricked investors into paying him hundreds of thousands of dollars in up front "retainer fees" in order to avoid losing the fake EXIM loans that he had supposedly obtained. Rind received at least $217,315 in illegal proceeds as a result of his fraudulent scheme. The victim investors are located throughout Africa and the United States. This was Rind's second Federal felony conviction related to fraudulent business practices.