engaged in a scheme since at least September 2015 to divert profitable trades to two accounts believed to be held by Sugranes' relatives and saddle other clients with losing trades. The defendants allegedly used a single account to place trades without specifying the intended recipients of the securities at the time they placed the trades. As alleged, after the defendants established a position, if the price of the securities increased during the trading day, the defendants usually closed out the position and allocated those profitable trades to the two preferred accounts. Conversely, the complaint alleges that if the price of the securities decreased during the trading day, the defendants usually allocated the unprofitable trades to other client accounts. According to the complaint, the preferred clients, who are named as relief defendants, received approximately $4.6 million from profitable trades while other clients sustained more than $5 million in first-day losses.
Cummings obtained a pre-signed but otherwise blank LOA from two customers, who were a married couple. On seven occasions, from May 2016 through December 2018, he instructed his sales assistant to use the previously signed, but otherwise blank, LOAs to effect transfers of funds among the customers' accounts. Cummings instructed his sales assistant to make the transfers after receiving instructions from the customers, who authorized the transfers.
FINRA conducted a prior investigation into Lippman concerning whether he knew acustomer was deceased at the time he entered a securities order in the customer'saccount. Pursuant to FINRA Rule 8210, FINRA took his OTR testimony under oath.During his OTR testimony, Lippman falsely stated that he was unaware of his customer's death at the time of entering a securities transaction in the customer's account.. . .On February 25, 2017, the customer referenced above died. On February 27, 2017, Lippman was aware that the customer had died and placed a trade in the customer's account, selling approximately $80,000 in securities. Despite knowing that the customer died, Lippman effectuated this transaction without permission or consent. Following the transaction, Lippman distributed the funds to one of the customer's family members.