NOTE: Stipulations of Fact and Consent to Penalty (SFC); Offers of Settlement (OS); and Letters of Acceptance Waiver, and Consent (AWC) are entered into by Respondents without admitting or denying the allegations, but consent is given to the described sanctions & to the entry of findings. Additionally, for AWCs, if FINRA has reason to believe a violation has occurred and the member or associated person does not dispute the violation, FINRA may prepare and request that the member or associated person execute a letter accepting a finding of violation, consenting to the imposition of sanctions, and agreeing to waive such member's or associated person's right to a hearing before a hearing panel, and any right of appeal to the National Adjudicatory Council, the SEC, and the courts, or to otherwise challenge the validity of the letter, if the letter is accepted. The letter shall describe the act or practice engaged in or omitted, the rule, regulation, or statutory provision violated, and the sanction or sanctions to be imposed.
Gary Michael Laskowski 2006003916901/November 2010
Associated Person Laskowski engaged in activity as a principal at a member firm without being registered in that capacity. Laskowski continued to act as an unregistered principal even though he had been cited in a Letter of Caution for acting as an unregistered principal.
Gary Michael Laskowski : Fined $10,000; Suspended 1 year
Mark Boyar & Company, Inc. AWC/2008011794901/November 2010
issued research reports that the firm labeled “Asset Analysis Focus” (AAF) on a paid subscription basis;
did not consider the AAF a research report;
did not have in place policies and procedures designed to ensure compliance with the various research related rules applicable to firms that issue research reports, such as those relating to research analyst and research principal registration, disclosures, conflicts, annual attestations and written supervisory procedures;
allowed registered representatives at the firm to collaborate in the preparation of AAFs without having passed a qualifying examination,
allowed an individual also to collaborate in the preparation of AAFs without being registered as a general securities representative or in any other capacity through the firm, and without having passed a qualifying examination.
A general securities principal supervised the preparation of AAFs without having passed the qualifying examination.
Certain AAFs the firm issued failed to disclose certain NASD Rule 2711 required information, including the financial interest in the issuer of the research analysts who prepared the reports, price charts for issuers where the firm has assigned a price target for at least one year, and the valuation methods used to determine price targets and the risks that may impede achievement of the price targets.
An individual who collaborated in the preparation of AAFs purchased securities of companies during the 30-day period before the publication of the research reports concerning those companies. In addition, The firm did not have the required research report-related written supervisory procedures in place, and the firm did not have a senior officer make the required annual attestation that the firm had adopted and implemented the required written supervisory procedures.
Moreover, the Firm did not make the required annual attestations for several years and filed inaccurate annual attestations for other years.
Mark Boyar & Company, Inc. : Censured; Fined $20,000
participated in securities related activities without employing a qualified municipal securities principal;
failed to timely file quarterly lists of issuers with which it engaged in a municipal securities business;
failed to adopt, maintain and enforce written supervisory procedures reasonably designed to ensure that the conduct of the broker and associated persons in municipal securities activities are in compliance with Municipal Securities and Rulemaking Board (MSRB) rules and that the procedures shall codify the broker’s supervisory system for ensuring compliance;
had an inadequate Anti-Money Laundering (AML) compliance program, in that it failed to
verify customer identification information,
conduct independent testing of its AML program,
designate a person to transmit contact information to FINRA and
to provide AML training for two years;
failed to timely create and maintain a business continuity plan and engaged in securities transactions without a qualified financial and operations principal (FINOP);
conducted a securities business while its net capital was below the required minimum;
failed to prepare an accurate general ledger, trial balances and books and records; and failed to file an annual audit report and a quarterly Financial and Operational Combined Uniform Single (FOCUS) report; and
failed to file an application for approval of a material change in its business operations even though it participated in an offering as an underwriter on a firm commitment basis, and disseminated sales literature that contained numerous inaccuracies and misrepresentations.
Also, the firm permitted Baldwin to engage in its securities business even though his registration was inactive because he had failed to complete a continuing education course.
FINRA's National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) imposed these sanctions following appeal of an Office of Hearing Officers (OHO) decision:
Richard Michael Bowers (Principal) 2006003916901/August 2010
As his firm’s Chief Compliance Officer, Bowers permitted an individual, the agent of the firm’s owner, to act as a firm principal without being registered to do so. Bowers failed to ensure the sufficiency of the firm’s written supervisory procedures and failed to enforce the firm’s requirement to document permission for outside business activities.
Richard Michael Bowers (Principal): Fined $5,000; Required to requalify in all principal capacities before resuming any principal activities; Suspended 2 months in Principal capacities only
Baron Capital, Inc.permitted an employee to actively engage in the management of its securities business, a function requiring principal registration, while the employee was not registered with FINRA in that capacity.
Baron Capital, Inc.: Censured, Fined $10,000 and Required to submit written certification and documentation that appropriate principal registrations have been obtained for all employees acting in a principal capacity.
Associated Person Bailey acted as his member firm’s chief compliance officer even though he was not qualified by examination in the required capacities of general securities representative, limited representative corporate securities or general securities principal.
Joseph Arthur Bailey: Censured; Fined $10,000; Suspended 10 business days
Michael John Rukujzo (Principal) AWC/2007009609202/May 2010
Rukujzo participated in the negotiation and consummation of an Asset Purchase Agreement transaction, involving
another FINRA member,
a non broker-dealer entity, and
an entity which was a customer of his member firm.
The transaction resulted in the transfer from the other FINRA member of multiple customer mutual fund positions for which Rukujzo’s firm had become the dealer of record to the dominion and control of his firm’s customer (the entity), which exposed customers’ accounts to losses as a result of the entity’s speculative margin trading. Rukujzo’s firm facilitated the transfer of certain positions held directly at mutual fund companies to an omnibus margin account held and maintained at the firm’s clearing firm in the name of the entity, for which the firm was the broker-dealer of record. The Firm advised its clearing firm that the customers had authorized the use of their mutual fund assets as collateral when in fact, the customers did not sign any margin authorization forms, and information sent to the customers did not mention a margin account, the use of margin in investment strategies, or the use of the customer’s assets as collateral to support margin trading in the omnibus account.
Rukujzo allowed an unregistered person to function as a representative and the firm’s principal without being registered. Under Rukujzo’s direction and control, his firm engaged in the change of dealer of record designation without the customer’s authorization, and allowed his firm to participate in a transaction that he knew, or should have known, required approval from FINRA, and that approval was neither requested nor obtained.
Michael John Rukujzo (Principal): In light of of Rukujzo’s financial status, no fine imponsed; Barred in Principal capacity only
Registered Principal Busacca failed to reasonably supervise the firm's operations and failed to diligently address numerous problems at the firm, including, but not limited to, inaccurate box counts, accurate securities position records, violations of section 220.8 of Regulation T of the Federal Reserve Board, failing to maintain margin requirements, failing to report data pursuant to NASD Rule 3150 and problems with transfers of customers’ accounts. As the firm’s President, Busacca permitted a non-registered person to act in a principal capacity as the firm’s chief compliance officer.
The FINRA Hearing Panel (OHO) suspended Busacca for six months in all principal capacities and fined him $25,000 for failing to reasonably supervise the operations of North American Clearing, Inc., f/k/a Advantage Trading Group, Inc. (hereinafler, “North American” or the “Firm”), in violation ofNASD Rules 3010 and 2110. The OHO Panel also fined Busacca $5,000 for permitting North American, as its president, to employ an unregistered chief compliance officer, in violation of NASD Rules 1022 and 2110. On appeal, FINRA's National Adjudicatory Council (NAC) sustained the OHO's findings and sanctions.
This decision has been appealed to the SEC and the sanctions are not in effect pending consideration of the appeal.
John Brian Busacca III : Fined $30,000; Suspended 6 months in Principal Capacity only
Eric Lowell Small (Principal) AWC/2007007345601/February 2010
While associated with his former member firm as a registered principal but not registered as a research analyst or a research principal, Small supervised the conduct of the firm’s research analysts, including approving research reports they prepared and that his firm issued.
Small failed to establish and maintain adequate supervisory procedures concerning the review of
incoming and outgoing hard copy correspondence at the firm’s branch offices that he was in charge of, and
outside investment activity of registered representatives at the firm.
The Firm's procedures indicated that a supervisory principal must review all correspondence, but these procedures were not reasonably designed to achieve compliance with applicable securities laws, regulations and FINRA rules. The procedures were inadequate in that they contained insufficient detail concerning how and when such reviews were to occur, and the firm had no written supervisory procedures addressing the review of outside brokerage accounts. Small failed to establish, maintain and enforce adequate written supervisory control procedures relating to
NASD Rule 3012(a)(2)(B) and its requirement that members establish, maintain and enforce procedures reasonably designed to review and monitor transmittals of funds or securities between customers and registered representatives, and
NASD Rule 3012(a)(2)(C) and its requirement of an analysis and determination of whether producing branch office managers should have been subjected to heightened supervision.
Eric Lowell Small (Principal): Fined $17,500; Suspended 10 business days in Principal capacity only
Registered Principal Shino failed to file, or timely file, NASD Rule 3070 reports and amendments to Forms U4 and U5. Shino permitted a branch office with more than three representatives to transact an options business without having a registered options principal or limited principal–general securities sales supervisor as the principal office supervisor.
Ralph Matthew Shino: Suspended 9 months in Principal capacity only for late filing and failing to file NASD Rule 3070 reports and amendments to Forms U4 and Uniform Termination Notices for Securities Industry Registration (Forms U5); Suspended an additional suspension 3 months in Principal capacity only for permitting a branch office to operate without a principal. Suspensions to run consecutively.
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